Aji Amarillo (Spanish for “yellow chile”) is a small, yellow-orange chile grown in the Andes, primarily in Peru. They have been described as the single most-important ingredient in Peruvian cuisine. They are quite hot, but have a really nice, bright, fruity flavour. Use this chile ground in salsas, ceviche, etc. or in any situation where you want a more flavourful heat than you would get with cayenne pepper.